Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is located in East Java, to the east of Malang and to the southeast of Surabaya, the capital of East Java. It is the only conservation area in Indonesia that has a sand sea (Laut Pasir Tengger), across which is the caldera of an ancient volcano (Tengger) from which four new volcanic cones have emerged at an altitude of about 2,100 metres (6,900 ft). The massif also contains the highest mountain in Java, Mount Semeru (3,676 m), four lakes and 50 rivers. The Tengger Sand Sea has been protected since 1919. There are five volcanoes inside the Tengger Caldera: Mount Bromo (2,329 m), Mount Batok (2,470 m), Mount Kursi (2,581 m), Mount Watangan (2,661 m), and Mount Widodaren (2,650 m). Mount Batok is the only peak that is no longer active, and is covered in casuarina trees. Mount Widodaren, located beside Mount Batok, contains the cave Widodaren, which is considered sacred by local people.
People go to Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park for sightseeing, to hike up Mt. Bromo or Mt. Semeru for sunrise, overnight camp by one of its lake for its sunrise, visit the sea sand, and to see the Tengger people's thanks giving ceremony.
How To Get There
Nearest airport to Bromo is Malang Airport (MLG) and second is Juanda airport (SUB) in Surabaya. There are local flights from major cities in Indonesia regularly fly in and out of Malang and Surabaya. Continue with 2.5 - 3.5 hour car drive to Bromo.
With public bus from Malang, go to 'Arjosari' bus station to get a bus to 'Bayu Angga' bus station in Probolinggo. In Probolingo, continue with another minibus (8 am - 2 pm) to 'Cemoro Lawang' - where you can have your accommodation around. From 'Cemoro Lawang', you can either walk to Bromo's foot (4 km) or have a horse riding or jeep ride.
From Surabaya, take a bus from 'Bungurasih' bus station to 'Bayu Angga' bus station in Probolinggo, continue with another minibus to 'Cemoro Lawang'.
From Jakarta, or Surabaya, go to the nearest train station and take a train to Malang. From Malang train station, take public bus to 'Arjosari' bus station to go to 'Bayu Angga' bus station in Probolinggo, continue with the minibus to 'Cemoro Lawang'.
You can have a private taxi from Malang airport/hotel, or share it with other travelers going the same way with you, or arrange a shared/private taxi with your hotel/tour operator.
A wide - pretty basic but clean - selection of accommodation is available in Cemoro Lawang, the starting point to hike up Bromo.
East Javanese people are generally expressive and friendly people. In Bromo, live Tengger People, a tribe that claim to be the descendants of the Majapahit (ancient javanese empire) princes.
Tengger People is known as obedient Hindu followers and also incorporated with Buddhist and Animist that worship a host of spirits or such ancestor worship. For them, Bromo Mountain is sacred. They Once in a year they hold a thanks giving ceremony to the lord, at midnite in full moon time around date of 14 or 15, based on Javanese Calender.
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